Afrormosia - Pericopsis elata
Janka Hardness = 1630
Photosensitivity = Yes (Darkens)
Afrormosia closely resembles teak and is so often used as a teak substitute that it is sometimes referred to as African teak. But the wood is prized for more than simply its resemblance to teak it is also valued for character and properties all its own. Afrormosia has the appearance of a fine-grained teak but lacks the slightly oily finish. It does not bleach on exposure (like teak) but darkens with time, and it shows little movement after seasoning, is stronger and harder than most Teaks. The heartwood is initially orange-brown or brown in color, but turns into brownish-yellow, with darker streaks upon exposure. It has also been described as warm crimson-brown, lightened by bands of a bright golden-brown shade. The annual rings are usually distinct because of darker bands of dry-season material.
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Scientific Name = Pericopsis elata
Trade Name = Afrormosia
Family Name = Leguminosae
Synonyms = Afrormosia elata
Common Names = Afrormosia, Anyeran, Asamela, Assamela, Assemela, Awawai, Ayin, Baracara, Benin satinwood, Bohala, Bohalala, Bonsamdua, Devils tree, Egbi, Ejen, Golden afrormosia, Jatobahy do igapo, Kokriki, Kokrodua, Mekoe, Mohole, Obang, Ole, Olel Pardo, Peonio, Redbark, Satinwood, Tento, Wahala, Yellow satinwood
Regions of Distribution = Africa
Countries of Distribution = Cameroon, Congo, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Zaire
Numerical Strength Properties and Data:
Bending Strength = 19,310 psi or 1,357 kg/cm2
Density = 46 Lbs/Ft3 or 737 kg/m3
Janka Hardness =
Hardness = 1,663 lbs. or 754 kg
Impact Strength = 45 inches or 114 cm
Maximum Crushing Strength = 9,890 psi or 695 kg/cm2
Shearing Strength = 2167 psi or 152 kg/cm2
Stiffness = 1,838,000 psi or 129,000 kg/cm2
Specific Gravity = 0.57
Work to Maximum Load = 17 inch-lb/in3 or 1.19 cm-kg/cm3
Weight = 43 Lbs/Ft3 or 689 kg/m3
Fiber Saturation Point = 20%
Radial Shrinkage = 3%
Tangential Shrinkage = 6.4%
Volumetric Shrinkage = 10.7%
T/R Ration = 2.1
General Characteristics = Heartwood yellow brown turning to a dark brown on exposure sapwood narrow, lighter in color and clearly demarcated. Texture moderately fine; grain straight to interlocked; some resemblance to teak.
Grain = Wood surfaces are reported to exhibit a rippling sheen because of pores that are scattered evenly in small groups throughout the wood. Quartered surfaces exhibit a mottled figure
Texture = Moderately Fine, grain straight to interlocked.
Movement in Service = Low, Properly seasoned wood has remarkable stability, with very little dimensional change in response to fluctuations in atmospheric conditions
Photosensitivity = Darkens
Color = Wood yellow brown with darker veins, turning dark brown on exposure.